Thursday, November 13, 2014

Manila City

Capital city of  the Philippines and located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is bordered by the cities of Navotas and Caloocan to the north Quezon City and San Juan to the northeast; Mandaluyong to the east; Makati to the southeast, and Pasay to the south.  and is the second most populous city in the Philippines, behind Quezon City.
When you are in Manila is the first of those who come to mind chaos. Each traffic that clog the noisy jeepney with traffic monster, horn sounds, full of rubbish urine smelling streets, naked people lying on the roadside, begging children, street vendors. Leave the poor life of the village, the town where the city of refuge were heaps of people with hope, despite all Asia 'in most expat's (country settled foreigners) living in is one of the capital.
They have Malay, Spanish, American, Chinese and Arab culture, a city under the influence of blended Manila, the remains of old churches and cathedrals, Spanish era, stands out with its colorful nightlife and shopping. Skyscrapers, plazas and luxury hotels and nightclubs while addressing the Makati area middle and higher budget travelers, Adriatico Street is suitable for low budget backpackers. Many hostels around both areas, hotels, restaurants, night clubs and bars.

Manila city is the economic and political capital of the Philippines, home to extensive commerce and some of the most historically and culturally significant landmarks in the country, as well as the seat of the executive and judicial branches of the government.

Manila city another side  Modern American scholars have listed Manila city as a global city but historically Manila is among the world's original Global Cities alongside Madrid and Mexico. The Manila Galleon trade-route (c. 1565 to 1815) being the first instance in human-history wherein world-trade truly became global (Where previously, world-trade routes has not yet crossed the Pacific and had not reached a global nature). Manila, contains many scientific and educational institutions, numerous sport facilities, and other culturally and historically significant venues. The city is divided into six legislative districts and consists of sixteen areas: Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Port Area, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Andrés, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo.

The earliest written account of the city is the 10th-century Laguna Copperplate Inscription which describes a Malay kingdom in what is now Manila maintaining diplomatic relations with the Indianized Kingdom of Medang in modern-day Java. The city had preferential trade with Ming Dynasty China, which registered the place as Dongdu. It then became a province of the Maharajanate of Majapahit and was called by its Sanskrit title, Selurong before it was invaded by Brunei's Sultan Bolkiah and renamed Kota Saludong or simply Maynilà, shortened from the Arabic nickname for Selurong, Amanillah meaning, "Security of God" or from the word "Maynilad", a native Tagalog term indicating the presence of Nilad flowers.

By the 15th century, it was nominally Islamized until the Spanish Conquistadors arrived via Mexico. They renamed the area Nuevo Reino de Castilla and shortened the nickname, Maynilà to Manila and using it as the official name

Manila eventually became the center of Spanish activity in the Far East and one end of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade route linking Europe, Latin America and Asia. The city would eventually be given the moniker of the "Pearl of the Orient", as a result of its central location in the vital Pacific sea trade routes. Several Chinese insurrections, local revolts, a British Occupation and a Sepoy mutiny also occurred shortly thereafter. Manila also saw the rise of the Philippine Revolution which was followed by the arrival of the Americans who made contributions to the city's urban planning and development only to have most of those improvements lost in the devastation of World War II. Since then the city has been rebuilt and has rapidly grown.

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